If you are having a misfire problem this is the article for you. we are going to talk about How to Fix a Misfiring Cylinder and then answer some of your common questions on misfire cylinder-like, Should you be driving with a misfiring cylinder, cylinder 5 misfire repair cost and even discuss a p0305 cylinder 5 misfire BMW code.
Be sure to also read this article for more on misfire cylinder.
Should you be driving with a misfiring cylinder & How to Fix a Misfiring Cylinder
What does it mean to have a Misfiring Cylinder?
A misfiring cylinder occurs when an insufficient amount of fuel is combusting or burning in a cylinder. The proper combustion of fuel is responsible for proving the required energy to power the engine. The code P0300 can be used to describe a misfire from one or more cylinders. A cylinder misfire can be caused by many reasons, some may include:
- Worn out spark plugs
- spark plug wires
- faulty ignition system
- fuel system
- internal engine failure
A P0300 issue should be fixed immediately because driving your car in this condition could cause major damage to your engine.
Should You Be Driving With A Misfiring Cylinder?
It is not advisable to be driving any vehicle with a misfiring cylinder as this can cause irreparable damage to the engine of the car. The most common cause of a cylinder misfire is bad spark plugs or the imbalance of air or fuel mixture.
The cylinder of a car is the part of a car where combustion occurs, hence it is a vital part of the engine. Now, the right amount of combustion is required for delivering the necessary power to your car for high performance. A car can have up to 12 cylinders in it, depending on the type of engine in the car. Damage in any of the cylinders will affect the performance of the car, hence will need to be fixed immediately.
Also, driving with a misfiring cylinder depends upon which of the cylinders is damaged and how long you should be driving with a misfiring cylinder. If more cylinders are misfiring, you may find it difficult to move with a single damaged and misfiring cylinder. It is likely you can drive the vehicle a bit, but that too is very unsafe.
Note that driving with a misfiring cylinder causes a major power loss in the car. Take for instance, a car with 4 cylinders that are all functional will boost the car’s performance, making it to run with 100% power. However, if any 1 cylinder, out of the 4, gets destroyed then the power of the car will automatically drop by 25%.
Now you are aware of what causes cylinder misfiring and if you should be driving with one, let’s look at the possible effects of a misfiring cylinder.
Are There Effects of Driving With A Misfiring Cylinder?
It is definitely not safe to be driving with a cylinder misfire. However, what makes it so dangerous to continue driving with a misfiring cylinder is the effects it causes to your vehicle. Let’s consider the possible effects of driving with a misfiring cylinder:
- 1. Engine Damage
A misfiring cylinder will destroy the engine of your car, causing it not to perform as desired. Also, the output expected from the engine of the car will not be same. Some people want to know how long they can drive a car with a misfiring cylinder. You shouldn’t even drive your vehicle at all in this condition. This is because a misfiring cylinder can damage the engine. Subsequently, a damaged engine will also introduce some other car issues. If left unchecked for long, it will totally damage your car.
- 2. Lowers Car Performance
Driving with a misfiring cylinder will lead to a reduction in the car’s performance. The load from the damaged cylinder(s), will be placed on the other cylinders, causing them to work extra hard to pull the vehicle. This will reduce the car’s performance to the maximum. The greater load will in turn damage the other functional cylinders.
- 3. Aggravating Noise
You will notice that driving with a misfiring cylinder causes these awful noises to emanate from your car. These noises hints to the fact that something has gone amiss with your car and it requires your urgent attention. If left unchecked, the noises will increase with time and will eventually lead to other damage. Therefore, it is best to check the noises emanating from your car to rule out other possible causes, and fix the problem before they permanently damage the car.
- 4. Reduced Fuel Efficiency
The fuel efficiency of your car will also reduce with reduced car performance. This is because, your car will demand more fuel for it to run properly, this will demand frequent fuel refills, which be costly for you. Your car’s average while driving will also decrease to almost half of what it was before the cylinder misfire.
Solving p0305 cylinder 5 misfire BMW Issues
What does P0305 Means?
The code P0305 means Cylinder 5 Misfire has been detected. P0305 is a broad OBD-II code that means the engine control module (ECM) has detected a misfire on cylinder number 5 of the engine. We shall be looking at PO305 issues linked to BMW. A misfiring cylinder can cause the engine to run overly rich and can destroy the catalyst. A cylinder 5 misfire in BMW will cause the engine to run rough and falter on acceleration, leading to a low performance and fuel economy.
What are the symptoms of the P0305 code?
For you to know how to diagnose cylinder 5 misfire issues for BMW, you should know the signs and symptoms related to this condition. Some symptoms of P0305 includes:
- The Check Engine Light will lit up and the code will set in ECM memory.
- The Check Engine Light may flash during misfiring signifying catalyst damage may occur if the issue is not fixed.
- The engine will have a misfire causing a jerk and a rough idle.
- When the misfire is active, the engine may lack power during acceleration.
What causes the P0305 code in BMW?
This issue can be caused by a number of factors including:
- The spark plug is not firing for cylinder number 5 due to cracks in the insulation.
- The ignition coil for cylinder number 5 is no longer firing.
- The cylinder 5 spark plug wire is leaking ignition spark to ground.
- The cover of the valve is leaking oil into the spark plug holes and shorting the spark plug firing for cylinder 5.
How to diagnose the P0305 code?
- To rectify the issue BMW issues scan codes and documents the freeze frame data
- Clear the engine and ETC codes
- Run road tests to confirm the misfire to cylinder 5
- Remove cylinder 5 ignition coil or plug wire and check for evidence of spark tracking on outside of coil or plug boot.
- Check for oil contamination from a leaking valve cover
- Remove and check the cylinder spark plug and replace or switch to a different cylinder to check if misfire moves to the other cylinder
- If no ignition issues are established, check cylinder compression
Some persons make some terrible mistakes while diagnosing the P0305 code. You should not forget to switch the coil to a different cylinder and rescan to check if the misfire moves to another cylinder. This will establish if it is the coil that is faulty. Also, not switching one part at a time with a different cylinder to separate the failed part is wrong.
How to fix the P0305 Cylinder 5 Misfire BMW issues
- To check if the failure was caused by a worn-out plug, replace the faulty spark plug or replace all spark plugs as a set.
- Replace the leaking valve cover gasket and replace the failed coil, plug wires, and plugs.
- Use FIXD to scan your vehicle to confirm P0305 is the only code present. Other codes must first be solved if they are present.
- Check for damaged wiring or loose connectors at the ignition coils. Also, check for loose engine ground wires as these can lead to random misfire conditions.
- Connect or tighten where it is required.
- Check your spark plugs, spark plug wires, and other connections. If your BMW is equipped with individual coil packs instead of spark plug wires, start by removing the cylinder 5 coil and swapping it with the cylinder number 4 coil. If the misfire moves, then you have established that the coil pack is faulty and needs replacement.
- Replace spark plugs and spark plug wires/ignition coil packs and recheck misfires.
If you have established that your ignition system is operating correctly, then the random misfires may be caused by a problem within your fuel system. Check the following to ensure the engine is getting the proper amount of fuel:
Check fuel pressure because low fuel pressure can cause sporadic misfires on multiple cylinders. When the pressure is below the requirement, it means the engine is not receiving the right amount of fuel and will begin to lean misfire.
Check if the fuel injectors are working properly because random misfires can be a sign of faulty or clogged fuel injectors that need to be immediately replaced. Also, check to ensure that the fuel injector wiring is not damaged.
If the ignition system and fuel system is okay, then perform an engine compression test and leak down test to see if there are any mechanical problems responsible for the BMW misfire. Some common mechanical problems that cause P0305 misfire can be:
- Broken valve spring
- Burned valve
- Broken piston ring
- Worn valve guides
- Timing chain or belt skipped tooth
Conclusion on misfiring cylinder
It is best to fix the problem of cylinder misfiring promptly instead of driving with it, so that it won’t affect your car’s performance and maintenance in the long run. Contact a professional auto-mechanic if you still have any doubts about your car running with the misfiring cylinder.