Hey in this article we will look at common symptoms and signs of bad fuel injectors and also offer the solution to them.
You would recall that vehicles made before 1980 had carburetors. But modern vehicles now have complex electronic fuel injection system. How the fuel injector works is that it sprays fuel into the engine.
Therefore, if it develops any problems, this would affect the performance of the engine and the car will become hard to drive.
To prevent any damage to your car and being stranded on the highway, it is important you detect fuel injector problem before it happens.
Or even be able to identify what the problem is when it eventually spontaneously.
What does a fuel injector do?
It supplies the engine with fuel to assist the internal combusting process. It has nozzles which spray fuel into the engine’s cylinder. Also, the vehicles Engine Control Unit (ECU) watches over the injectors functions and makes sure the exact quantity of fuel gets to the engine on time.
5 Common fuel injector problems symptoms + solutions to all signs of bad fuel injectors
Symptoms of Bad Fuel Injector
When the fuel injector is bad that means the engine will not get enough fuel in it. This will affect the combustion process and cause the engine to misfire amid other problems that relate to the smooth performance of the vehicle. Some of the problems are stalling after you have pressed the accelerator, struggling to accelerate and poor fuel economy.
Most of these problems occur due to inadequate air to fuel ratio. Also, any delay could lead to overheating and the engine could stall.
What happens when fuel injectors go bad
This happens due to inadequate supply of fuel into the engine and you will notice the car’s revolution per minute (RMP) will fall below the best level when it is idling. This, in turn, causes the car to do convulsive or rough idling. And the engine could go off if the RMP falls more than necessary.
It is the fuel that is sprayed into the engine from the injectors that it uses for combustion. When the engine is denied fuel because injector is going bad in one side, the matching cylinder will not fire. And the result will be continuous interruption or vibration of the engine when you are driving the car.
Vibration is a fuel injector problem symptom that corresponds to other engine problems that arise from other sources. So, you may need to run more checks to confirm that it is truly the injector that is causing the vibration.
Old age can make the injector to have a fault or have a hole or be damaged. When this occurs oil will leak from the injector’s body. Oil could also leak if there is a damaged seal which will deteriorate as time goes on. When you examine the injector visually you will see traces of fuel on the surface of the injector or the fuel rail.
Smell of fuel
Because fuel is leaking from the injector you will perceive fuel odor due either to the leak in the seal or in the injector. This is occurring because fuel is not burning properly as the injector is malfunctioning. Another thing that could cause fuel smell is a bad sensor or fuel line.
Failed emissions test
The fuel injector problems symptoms could occur when there is too much emission due to incomplete burning of fuel or irregular burning of fuel. This happens when the air to fuel ratio is tilted to one side making it too rich that it could burn the catalytic converter.
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Solutions for bad fuel injector problems
Most fuel injector problems happen because they are not cleaned regularly. To prevent any form of blockage, clean it whenever you cover 30, 000 miles. Also, you can get a bottle of fuel injector cleaner for less than $15. While a professional mechanic may charge you between $50 to $100 to clean a very dirty injector.
Furthermore, you should be happy to learn that cleaning is the cure for most bad fuel injector problem. Another thing you could do is to change the O-rings if it has developed a leak. And, finally, the worst-case scenario is to replace the bad fuel injectors which could cost you between the sums of $800 to $1,500 depending on the type of vehicle.
How long does it take to replace fuel injectors?
Each time you crank the ignition and run your car, you use the fuel injector to provide the engine with the fuel it needs to perform its work. So, the fuel injectors on your car will last for between 50,000 and 100,000 miles.
But, if you need to replace the old fuel injector with a new one, on a do it yourself basis, with intermediate skills, it will take you between 1 to 2 hours.
How to Replace A Fuel Injector
This guide is for an Engine Fuel System vehicle. Also, you will need to have an intermediate Skill Level to carry out this routine. And, it will take about 1 to 2 hours to complete this project. Let us begin.
What You’ll Need
- The Replacement fuel injectors
- And Fuel injector seals
- Ratchet & socket set
- A Flathead screwdriver
- A pair of Pliers
- A piece of Shop towels
You will see a metal rod over the fuel injector. It is called the fuel rail. Now, use the socket and ratchet to loosen the bolts and brackets holding the fuel rail in place. However, depending on the model, in some engines, you will have to disconnect the fuel line from the fuel rail to remove the rail.
Pro Tip: Following this step normally depressurizes the fuel system in multi-port fuel injector vehicles. However, it may be different for your engine so check the Manufacturer’s manual to confirm.
Ensure the engine is cold to touch. Then you can disconnect the battery.
Take off the plastic engine cover by using the appropriate socket.
Now that the set cover is off, then use pliers to detach the electrical connector on each injector.
Take away the fuel rail from the intake manifold, lifting the injectors with it. You will use a little pressure or a good amount of force here. The reason is that the injectors are joined to the rail, and the sprayer tips are a tight fit in the intake manifold. Take care not to bend the fuel rail so don’t use too much force.
Inspect the injector. And, if you see a small metal clip that looks like a staple pin, use a small flathead screwdriver to remove or depress the clip. Then, with your hand gloves on, grip the injector and work it back and forth while pulling it to remove it from the fuel rail. The injector and rail will have drops of fuel, so use the shop towels to clean the fuel.
Pro Tip: Before you fix the new fuel injectors, put the tip of the injector (using the sprayer end) into a small amount of engine oil. Doing this will wet the seals, and prevent leaks. But, if the new injectors you bought did not come with seals, buy new injector seals separately instead of reusing the former ones.
Now, press the injector into the rail until it stops. Attach the metal clip, if it has one.
Next, reinstall the fuel rail. Note that this can be difficult. First, align all the injectors over their respective holes then push each injector until they slide into place.
Tighten the Bolt of the fuel rail. And fix the fuel line into place. Also, don’t forget to plug in the fuel injector’s electrical connections.
Finally, Reconnect the battery to their right places.
Now insert the key and turn it to the ON position and wait 10 seconds before turning the engine to start position. The slight delay is to allow the fuel pump to refill the lines and fuel rails before you crank the engine.
Allow the engine to work a little and when it drops to the regular idle RPM, turn the engine off. Finally, inspect the injectors with a flashlight for fuel leaks.
Can a Bad fuel injector Damage the Engine?
Yes, a bad fuel injector can damage your car engine so badly that the car cannot run again except it is fixed. Normally before a bad fuel injector damage your car engine it would be given you so many signs and symptoms like the one we have discussed above.
So do take some time to observe all the sign and so you know what is triggering a specific problem.
Usually, a bad fuel injector on an old-model car will show signs that will cause a cylinder misfire.
That is due to the newer fuel-injected structures, the injectors work in sequence, so if when the car engine misses a dose of fuel, it won’t run smoothly and may suffer damage over time.
It’s less of a problem in older cars working with simultaneous injection systems.
And that is because good fuel injectors can sometimes compensate for weaker injectors, allowing the engine to recover its sequence more quickly.
Conclusion on 5 Common fuel injector problems symptoms
In this post, we showed you 5 Common fuel injector problems symptoms and gave you solutions. Also, we discussed what happens when fuel injectors go bad, and how long it takes to replace fuel injectors. Finally, we showed you how to replace a fuel Injector. Hope this was